Can you pleease explain whether you are permitted to take out the garbage on Shabbos – of course, only in an area which has an Eiruv.
Thank you very much!
Garbage is muktzeh on Shabbos, and therefore under ordinary circumstances it can’t be taken out.
However, if the garbage has decomposed to a state where it is causing a disturbance (giving off a bad smell), so that one can’t use the area (e.g. kitchen) comfortably, then it is permitted to take it out.
Where something is “disgusting,” and prevents ordinary use of the area around it, the restriction of muktzeh does not apply, and it is permitted to remove it. This is known as a geraf shel re’i. See Orach Chaim 308:35-37.