Do we, who live in an apt. building, require eruv chazeirot/shituf mevo’ot?

Answer:

If you live in an area that has a community wide eruv, this would mean that whoever made the eruv, i.e. the tzuras hapesachs around the community, also arranged for a communal shituf mavo’os. Without this, the tzuros hapesach would not help much, as it would still be forbidden to carry from private domains in to the community streets. If you rely on the validity of this “eruv” [tzuras hapesach] and shituf [which also includes sechiras rshus for non Jewish residents], it permits carrying throughout area, to and from all houses, courtyards and streets.

If you live in an area without a community wide eruv and hence carrying is prohibited out into the streets, as this is a public domain, either Biblically [Reshut Harabim] or Rabinically [known as Karmelis]. And you wish to carry from your apartment to a neighboring one, within the building. This is all within a Private Domain [Reshus Hayachid]. Yet to go from one persons private domain to another’s requires an Eruv Chatzeiros. It is questionable if you can choose to make an Eruv with one or some others, or if it is “all or none”.

To carry from your apartment in to the hallway [and not a friends apt.] is a matter of debate, which depends on the halachic definition of the stairwell/hallway. There is room for leniency in this regard.

Tags: tzuras hapesach

Share The Knowledge

Not what you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged Carrying on Shabbat tzuras hapesach or ask your own question.

2 Responses to “Eruv Chatzerot in Apartment Building”

  1. To carry from your apartment in to the hallway [and not a friends apt.] is a matter of debate, which depends on the halachic definition of the stairwell/hallway. There is room for leniency in this regard.

    Why did the rav not give sources? The only one who is lenient is Chacham Ben Zion Abba Shaul. http://www.dailyhalacha.com/displayRead.asp?readID=1079&txtSearch=apartment

    • Thank you for the citation, and always insightful comments.
      As we wish the site remain user friendly there is always the question of providing enough details, explanations, sources and varying opinions, and curtailing for simplicity and clarity.
      While Chacham Ben Shaul is the one who stated this leniency, it is hard to understand any other definition for a stairwell other than a “bais-shaar” entranceway and not a courtyard, see Eiruvin 85a with regards to 10 houses lined up, where it is clear that even ones personal dwelling becomes a halachic entranceway when others pass through, all the more so with a stairwell.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *