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Shnayim Mikra by Heart

Realizing there is a maklokes in regards to the kiyum of the mitzvah of Talmud Torah if one has to read the actual words out loud and while obviously there is af al pi cain a kiyum of Talmud Torah if one thinks in Torah as well (for example when thinking over a savarah or even chazaring Torah or thinking over an inyun, etc, etc.) With all of this in mind, is someone able to be makiyum the halacha of reading Shnayim Mikra V’Echad Targum even through just ‘reading’ the words in ones mind, or is the kiyum of this particle halacha davka through reading the words out loud. A source for this would also be helpful. Thanks!


The mikra, meaning the reading of the Torah verses themselves, must be done out loud (verbally).

Concerning the targum and/or Rashi, there is a dispute among authorities, and it is better to say out loud, certainly with regard to the Targum.


See Rivevos Efraim (6:164), citing from Rav Chaim Kanievsky (stringent concerning Targum); Givas Shaul (28, stringent concerning Targum and Rashi); Chut Shani (Vol. 4, chap. 87, no. 2, sec. 3, stringent concerning Rashi); Rav Belsky, Halachically Speaking 1:18 (lenient concerning Rashi); Teshuvos Vehanhagos 2:204 (in doubt); Shaarei Zevulun (Shabbos 27, in doubt).

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