Which Parsha is Lained in Eretz Yisrael like any other Parsha on Shabbos, however, in Chutz La’aretz it is not? V’zois Hab’racha. This year since Shmini Atzeres falls on Shabbos it is Lained on Shmini Atzeres in Eretz Yisrael.
33:2 ב וַיֹּאמַר, יְרוָר מִסִּינַי בָּא וְזָרַח מִשֵּׂעִיר לָמוֹ–הוֹפִיעַ מֵהַר פָּארָן, וְאָתָה מֵרִבְבֹת קֹדֶשׁ; מִימִינוֹ, אשדת (אֵשׁ דָּת) לָמוֹ Chazal tell us that Hakadoish Baruch Hu Kaviyachoil came from offering the Torah to the other nations as Rashi says in מהר פארן: שהלך שם ופתח לבני ישמעאל שיקבלוה, ולא רצו meaning that Hashem went from Har Paran and proposed to the children of Yismael that they accept it but they didn’t want it. Bnei Eisav didn’t want it. Bnei Amon U’moi’av didn’t want it. Klal Yisrael were Mekabeil the Torah. On Yom Tov we say, Atah Virchatanu Mikoil Ha’amim, which is saying that Hakadoish Baruch Hu Kaviyachoil chose Klal Yisrael as a nation. According to this Rashi, it was Klal Yisrael who chose Hakadoish Baruch Hu and not that Hakadoish Baruch Hu chose Klal Yisrael because other nations were offered the Torah as well?
Rav Schwab says, the Taryag Mitzvois were not offered to the other nations. They have the Sheva Mitzvois Bnei Noiach (7 Mitzvois). Klal Yisrael have Taryag. At Matan Torah, the other nations were offered to be Mekabail the 7 Mitzvois at Har Sinai at a Kabbalas Hatoirah just like we were Mekabail the Taryag Mitzvois. The Raya to this is that when the Gemara talks about the other nations not accepting the Torah it says they weren’t Mekabail Loi Sirtzach, Loi Signoiv, and Loi Sin’af which are part of the 7 Mitzvois. They refused it, however, they are still Mechayaiv in the 7 Mitzvois. What did they lose by not accepting the 7 Mitzvois? The whole point of this Rashi is, there is a Kabalas Hatoirah an acceptance of the Torah.
The Rambam says that the Ratzoin Hapinimi of a Yid is to do the Raztoin of Hashem. That comes from a Kabbalah. By Goyim we find no such idea. They are Chayiv in the 7 Mitzvois, however, they never had a Kabbalah. They were never Mikabail the Mitzvois. There is a beautiful Raya to this, because for a Gair to become a Gair Toishav, he has to go to Bais Din and be Mekabail on himself the 7 Mitzvois. Ai, he was Michayeiv in the 7 Mitzvois anyway?
He was missing the fact that he was never Mikabail the 7 Mitzvois on himself. That is what the Goyim are missing and we have to appreciate that we have. We have this Nikuda, the Kabbalah and the Ratzoin P’nimi. That is how it works to be Oivdai Hashem. An Uber B’mai Imoi learns Torah says Rav Schawab because of the same idea. Because there is a Kabbalah, and a Ratzoin P’nimi. You will see even in our Avoidas Hashem that once a person has a Kabbalah to do a certain aspect of Avoidas Hashem, it is not as hard.
Rebbi guessed that today (Thursday of Chol Hamoed) many people who called into the Shiur are busy with their families. We call in all the time in middle of work when it is hard to find 15 minutes, however, it is even harder when you are relaxing with the family. I would think it would be harder to find the 15 minutes on a work day, however, you can be sure that there are less people on the call today than on a regular Thursday when we are all at work. You can’t really just blame it on the wives. The reason there are less people calling in today is because many people have been Mekabail on a work day Thursday to call in to the Shiur, it is something you do. On an off day, the Yeitzer Hora gives you any excuse not to call in. This is the idea of this Rashi, that a Kabbalah makes Torah easier.
33:18 We know the Shutfus of Yisachar and Zevulan as is mentioned in the Parsha, יח וְלִזְבוּלֻן אָמַר, שְׂמַח זְבוּלֻן בְּצֵאתֶךָ; וְיִשָּׂשכָר, בְּאֹהָלֶיךָ Rashi mentions the Shutfus. שמח זבולן בצאתך ויששכר באהליך: זבולן ויששכר עשו שותפות Everyone would think that since Zevulan made money by using ships to engage in commerce that his portion in Eretz Yisrael would be by the Mediterranean Sea, however, we find that he was surrounded on all 4 sides by land? If his Beracha is L’Choif Yamim Yishkoin, why is he landlocked and not near water at all? There was no answer offered to this question.
We will be saying the Mussaf for the Sholosh Regalim on Shabbos and Sunday and on Shabbos with the additions that are said on Shabbos. It is an interesting thing that we say Vatitein Lanu Hashem Eloikeinu B’ahavah Shabasois Lim’nuchah U’moiadim L’simchah Chagim Uz’manim L’sasoin, Es Yoim Hashabas Hazeh V’es Yoim Hashmini Chag Ho’atzeres Hazeh, Zman Simchasainu B’ahavah Mikra Koidesh Zeicher Litzias Mitzrayim. Why is the word B’ahavah mentioned on Shabbos and not a weekday Yom Tov. Does Hashem not love us on Yom Tov?
To answer this we will explain something that we say by Shabbos Kiddush. On Friday night by Kiddush we say, Asher Kidishanu B’mitzvoisav V’rat’za Vanu. Why don’t we say V’tzivanu?
B’mitzvoisav means B’marah. Klal Yisrael got Mitzvois the first time before Har Sinai, in Marah. V’tzivanu means we got that Mitzvah at Har Sinai, for example V’tzivanu Al Nitilas Lulav. Shabbos was given at Marah so we don’t need more than B’mitzvoisav.
Getting back to B’ahavah. Every Mitzvah given at Har Sinai was given Kofin Aleihem Har Ki’gigis, meaning every Mitzvah was given not only with Ahavah but with Yir’ah as well. Shabbos that was given in Marah, it was given purely with Ahavah. This is why the language of Ahavah is very special to Shabbos.
We say in the same paragraph, Vatitein Lanu Hashem Eloikeinu B’ahavah, which we say every Yom Tov. Then on Shabbos we add a B’ahavah further on in the paragraph. What is the difference between the first and second B’ahavah? If you think about the previous Vort, you should be able to figure out a Teretz.
We say in our regular Shabbos Mussaf in Tikanta Shabbos.. Az Misinai Nitztavu. Why Dafka on Shabbos do we say Az Misinai, this is the one Mitzvah that we got at Marah, so Punkd here we say Az Misinai? No answer was offered for this question.
There was a question that Rebbi had asked by Parshas Pinchus and didn’t know a Teretz for at that time. Now Rebbi found a Teretz in Parshas Shelach. On Yom Tov by Mussaf we say the Korban. Every Korban has 3 parts: 1) the animal, 2) the Menachois, which is the flour, and 3) the Nesachim, which is the wine that is poured onto the Mizbaiach. Isn’t it strange that we say Uminchasam Kimdubar and the Menachois we have a whole Arichois where we spell it out? By the wine, we didn’t spell out how much wine it actually is?
We do it because that is the way the Torah says it in Parshas Pinchus. For an example, look in Perek Chaf Ches Posuk Yud Zayin to Posuk Chaf Hei where the discussion revolves around the Yom Tov of Pesach, the Menachois are spelled out and it says Viniskoi without spelling out the wine libation. Our Davening just mirrors the Torah. Why the Torah says it this way is a Kasha that needs a Teretz. Rosh Choidesh is the only place where the Torah spells out the Nesachim .
In Parshas Shelach 15:10 Rashi explains in D”H Ishai Rai’ach says, אשה ריח: אינו מוסב אלא על המנחה והשמן, אבל היין אינו אשה, שאינו ניתן על האש it refers to nothing but the meal-offering and the oil, but the wine is not a fire-offering for it is not put on the fire of the altar. According to this Rashi, it is Geshmak. The Mincha like the Korban is the Ikkur of the Mussaf, so it gets spelled out. The Nesachim are Chashuv, however, it is not an Ishei Raiach Nichoiach Lashem. Perhaps that is why the Nesachim are not spelled out.
The Chashivois of Hashana Rabbah has to be appreciated. Sukkos has 2 aspects, the last of the Sholosh Regalim and it is also the last of the Yomim Noraim. In that way, Hoshana Rabbah is very special. It is not a Chag that is Assur Bim’lachah. Its special uniqueness comes from being the end of the Yomim Naraim. As such, Hoshana Rabbah has to be appreciated by us. It is Misugeil for learning, being Mishneh Torah for those with that Minhag or learning in general. You shouldn’t go to a Minyan that just runs around the Bimah 7 times. You should go to a Minyan that you can have Kavanah. The Hakafois are very Chashuv and should be said with the proper Kavanah. Hoshana Rabbah is Hakadosh Baruch kissing Klal Yisrael on the cheek. It is a good bye to Klal Yisroel at the end of the Yomim Noraim. It is an opportunity that you should make the most of. A Gut Kvittel and a Gut Yom Tov.