I grew my plant from a seed of a Esrog after Sukkos around 3 (?) years ago. I have re-potted the plant a few times (twice?) over the years. What i am wondering is what are the laws regarding the Esrog tree in America/Chutz laeretz? I at first thought their were some laws required even in America like waiting a set amount of years. But is their? Also if there is a waiting period of gaining benefit from a fruit tree even outside of Israel does re-potting the tree restart the count or is that only when replanting in to the ground? Do you happen to know the different major opposing viewpoints? I like to know the full picture of things. When I am unsure of a halachic issue I like to research it but this one feels like the things I am reading are purposely leaving out alot of the other side of the picture. (On a side note i one time asked a Rabbi awhile ago and he was like huh??? Orlah outside Israel?)
Thanks

Answer:

A rabbinic prohibition of orlah applies even outside the Land of Israel (though safek orlah is permitted), and one must therefore until the orlah years are up.

Re-potting the plant, meaning that the plant is transferred, earth and all, to another pot, does not affect the count of years.

Sources:

For transferring trees and the orlah count, see Yoreh De’ah 294; the time for which the plant must be able to survive in the clod of earth is a subject of dispute, and it may be up to 14 days. For outside of Israel, however, there is no need to be this stringent, and the ability to survive for a short time is sufficient. See Rashba 3:235; Pischei Teshuva, 294; Ne’os Desheh 32; Mishpat Kohen 8; see a discussion of the issue in Kol Torah, 5693; Tzitz Eliezer 1:19; Chazon Ish 2:10-12.

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