1) When is the ideal time for a Hefsek Tahara Lechatchilo? Can one do it earlier than this in order to leave time for an additional bedika if it turns out not good.
2) Does a Hefsek Tahara done at night help (Bdieved) for the following day?
3) Can a woman do a Hefsek (Lechatchilo) on the second or third day of her period and only start counting from day five?
4) I heard from a Rov that a woman doesn’t have to do moch dochuk nowadays unless it’s Yom Rishon L’Riyoso as it can cause problems (Makos). Is this something to be relied on?
5) When a woman’s period has continued until day 5, does she have to do a Moch Dochuk Meikar hadin? If yes, then how much dam is considered “seeing” on day 5?
6) If a woman forgot or deliberately didn’t wear white and we see a Kesem which is a Gris is she Tahor?
7) If a woman does a Hefsek early or goes to Mikva after night, does she still have to wear white as it is not part of Shiva Nekiyim?
8) Whats the Lechatchilo time a woman should wait after washing before doing a Hefsek? What about Bdieved?
9) If a woman is only doing day 1 and 7 because she has a Makah etc. is it better to do it in the day or night?
- The ideal time to do a hefsek tahara is from Mincha Ketana time, which is around two and a half hours before shikia Shulchan Aruch Y:D 196:1). The exact time can be found on a calendar. If possible, it is even better to do the hefsek a half an hour to an hour before shikia, provided that the person will indeed have enough time to do as many additional hefseks as will be necessary )Aruch Hashulchan 196:10).
- Yes, bedieved (Chazzon Ish Y:D 92:45, Aruch Hashulchan Y:D 196:7).
- Yes. (Chazzon Ish Y:D 92:45)
- There is no general rule that says that every woman today should not do a moch dachuk. In fact, most women are able to do a moch dochuk. There are different factors that can cause dryness and sensitivity, for example a low estrogen level, and therefore nursing can cause dryness. If a woman feels that doing a moch dachuk might cause a makka, she should speak to her Rav who most probably will tell her not to. However, as mentioned above, different factors at different periods of life cause sensitivity. Therefore, although a woman had sensitivity and a heter not to do a moch dachuk at one point in her life, that heter should periodically be revisited.
- The Chavos Daas (Y:D 196:1,2) writes that she would need to do a moch dachuk. Lechatchila we try to do as the Chavos Daas, therefore we are more machmir to do a moch dachuk if the woman saw blood on the fifth day. However, if a moch is not possible, we are lenient. Seemingly, any amount of blood would require a moch dachuk according to the Chavos Daas, however a Rav should be consulted since there are a few factors to consider when giving a psak regarding this topic.
- If she forgot, than we are lenient. Regarding her deliberately not wearing white, she would have to ask the question to a Rav and specify why she chose not to wear white (Chochmas Adam 117:8).
- Regarding doing a hefsek early, the wording of the Shulchan Aruch (Y:D 196:3) seems to indicate that she should wear white. After nightfall of the seventh day, she does not have to wear white.
- In Israel we say that ideally she should wait 10 minutes (as Rav Elyashiv said), however if there is not enough time, she can wait 3 minutes (Rav Nissim Karelitz). Less than 3 minutes is a question to be asked to a Rav. Rav Moshe Feinstein writes (Igros Moshe Y:D 2 siman 71) that ideally a woman should wait 15 minutes, however a close talmid of his told me that Rav Moshe told him that he only meant lechatchila.
- She should do the bedika of the first day in the morning, and the bedika of the seventh day in the afternoon. (Raaved Baalai Hanefesh- Shaar Hasefira vehabedika “בדיקת הזבה, עיקר בדיקתה בתחלת יום הראשון ובסוף יום השביעי כדי שתהא תחלתן וסופן בטהרה”.
All the best