Are class action lawsuits recognized in Halacha or are they basically a secular concept? Thank you.
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According to halacha when one person damages a number of other people, the person owes money to each individual, not to both of them together as a sort of partnership. However, both people can appoint someone to represent them against the same plaintiff. Therefore, the basic idea of one person representing others is found in halacha. Regarding the actual proceedings, if the settlement are proceedings are according to halacha will depend on the individual circumstances. Aside from this, the person has to keep in mind that that a Jew may not turn to a secular court, and would need the permission of a bais din, unless certain conditions are met.