Why is a table with a drawer that partially pulls out muktzeh,
But a pocket sewn in a man’s trousers does not make the trousers muktzeh?

Thank you

Answer:

It is actually the other way round.

If drawers pull out completely this means that the drawer is a separate entity from the table. If the drawer has muktzeh inside, the drawer becomes a basis for the muktzeh item and the table a basis for the drawer (unless there’s something more important that isn’t muktzeh on top of it).

However, if a drawer doesn’t pull out completely, it is part of the table, just as a pocket is part of a pair of trousers. In this case, the pocket or the drawer alone become muktzeh, and the trousers or table do not.

See Shulchan Aruch and Mishnah Berurah 310.

Best wishes.

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