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Fraud Payment

Question:

I received an invoice from my accountant via email for work he did for us. Before I paid, I received an email from them saying that I should pay to a different bank account. I made my payment and sent the notification that I made a different payment, they answered to say that they never requested to pay to a different account. It turned out that their email was hacked and a fraudster gave his banking details and ran off with the money. Am I responsible to pay them again?

 

Answer:

Hello,

Questions of this type cannot be answered correctly without hearing both sides. However, based solely on the information that you are providing, it would appear that you do not have to pay the accountant again. The reason being, since it was understood between the two of you that you will send the money to the account that the accountant provides from his e-mail address. Since this is what you did, the fact that someone stole his way into the account of the accountant is not your issue, as you did according to what was agreed (or understood). You would have to provide the accountant with proof that you indeed sent the money to the address that you got from his e-mail address.

Best wishes

Sources:

ש”ך חושן משפט סימן קכא ס”ק כו “טען המלוה כו’. בטור ובעה”ת כתובי’ אם הסכימו שניהם תחל’ שישלח ממונו ע”י מי שיביא לו כתב ידו ומשמסרו כו’ וטען המלוה כו’ וכתב הב”ח ונראה דמ”ש ואם הסכימו שניהם ה”ט דאם לא הסכימו מתחל’ יכול נמי לטעון אמת כתב ידי הוא זה אלא שאני לא שלחתיו בכת”י כי אם הכנתי כתבי זה לשלוח ולא שלחתיו א”נ כתבתי כך על ריש מגלתא ואחרים לקחו אותו כתב ושלחו והי’ נאמן בשבועה עכ”ל ואין דבריו נכונים דכיון שזה כתב ידו מה ה”ל ללו’ או לנפקד לעשות ואם המלוה לא שלחו איהו דאפסיד אנפשי’ דה”ל ליזהר שלא יקחוהו אחרים וכן מוכח להדיא מדברי הרמב”ם והמחבר בסעיף א’ וסעיף ד’ ודו”ק אלא אורחא דמילתא נקטו הבעה”ת והטור ומפני כך השמיטו המחבר”:

 

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